Rehabilitation after surgery: recovery after surgery

Causes and consequences of meniscus damage

The knee joint is one of the most complex anatomical structures. It assumes the load associated with upright posture, is responsible for the leg mobility and provides the human body supporting function. The key role in the work of the “articulated” joint is assigned to the meniscus. The cartilage lining between the femur and tibia stabilizes circular motions, increases the contact area of ​​articular surfaces and softens shock during walking, running and jumping.

Inadequate loads and traumatic injuries lead to changes in the cartilage tissue, a violation of the meniscus integrity and subsequent instability of the knee joint. The most effective way to resolve this problem is surgery. It is prescribed in the following situations:

  • injury (rupture due to a direct or combined blow to the knee);     

  • degenerative defect (a consequence of constant microtrauma, chronic diseases or age-related thinning of cartilage).     

Meniscus damage is accompanied by severe pain, leads to loss of stability and blockage (jamming) of the joint. Often, other anatomical structures (ligaments, nearby soft tissues) are injured along with the cartilage lining. Over time, in the absence of surgical correction, the structure of bone tissue changes, lameness appears, pain syndrome, mobility limitations and other serious problems arise.

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Following the results of the consultation for each client, we compile a personalized program and select the complex from the author's training modules.

Recovery options

Depending on the nature of the meniscus damage, 3 types of surgical correction are used: removal, alignment or stitching of parts of the articular cartilage. Despite the fact that the knee joint arthroscopy is the “gold standard” of orthopedic surgery, its outcomes do not always completely satisfy patients. With chronic injuries at the time of the operation on the meniscus, concomitant pathologies of the knee take place, requiring long-term rehabilitation.

Due to the need to travel with crutches for a certain time, compensatory-adaptive changes may occur. Due to the fact that the body seeks to compensate for weakened function due to a healthy limb and spine, there is a skew of the pelvis and pain in the lumbar region.

Inadequate load during the recovery period after surgery on the meniscus of the knee joint is fraught with hemorrhage, the development of edema and inflammation. At the same time, limited motor activity entails

  • slowing the healing process;     

  • decrease in muscle tone of the operated limb;     

  • degenerative-dystrophic and morphological changes in muscles, ligaments and joints;     

  • decrease in bone density;     

  • the formation of contractures (muscle shortening, tendons and aponeuroses);     

  • thrombophlebitis;     

  • disruption of other organs and systems.     

Any surgical intervention is a serious stress for the body. And even if it was successful, specialized assistance is needed to fully compensate for the functions. Reinforced rehabilitation after surgery on the meniscus of the knee joint requires sportsmen, patients with chronic metabolic pathologies (obesity, gout) and impaired motor activity, and older people.

Recovery features after the knee joint surgery

The main goal of the recovery phase after arthroscopic surgery is to improve the functional state of the knee and the stability of the limb. This is a rehabilitation direction that uses adaptive physical factors.

Rehabilitation after surgery for meniscus rupture is one of the priorities of the Dr. Blum Physiotherapy and Biomechanics Center activity in Marbella. A patented authoring technique is applied here, focused on the comprehensive improvement of the whole organism.

The system of methods, techniques and special equipment is based on the biomechanics principles in the norm and pathology, an integrative multidisciplinary approach to solving health problems. For more than three decades, Dr. Blum's authoring system has been successfully used in the construction of rehabilitation programs for patients with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system.

The principle of the Recovery Center is a personalized approach to each person. During a plan development of health measures, age, general health status, level of physical preparation, as well as severity, complexity of the injury and the type of meniscus operation performed are taken into account. Preliminary biomechanical testing. It helps to identify the "weak links" of the musculoskeletal system, recognize hidden problems, determine the sequence of solving rehabilitation problems and predict the results.

More than 800 patented simulator modules and devices driven by individual instructors, implement targeted, step-by-step increasing loads. And metabolic processes are activated, the muscle corset, the muscular binding of the joint are strengthened, pathological distortions and asymmetries are eliminated, the body geometry and the anatomical unity are restored.

Important! Physical rehabilitation after surgery on the knee joint meniscus has no age restrictions. The recovery process does not use medications or surgical procedures.

Dr. Blum's Method Benefits

The author’s technique, aimed at accelerated correction of the musculoskeletal system functions, has passed the time test and has proved its safety and effectiveness. Its advantages:

  • personalized integrated approach;     

  • focus on individual professional and physical indicators of the patient;     

  • training in an eccentric (inferior) mode, which allows you to engage deep muscle layers in the training process and activate drainage and pumping mechanisms, restore the affected segment with high efficiency;     

  • intensive dosed loads at low energy costs;     

  • recovery from the body’s own resources;     

  • lack of contraindications, medicines and traumatic interventions.     

Rehabilitation after surgery on the meniscus in the Dr. Blum Center - is a real opportunity to get back to normal life.

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